Bruce Taylor is a Senior Fellow with NORC at the University of Chicago in the Public Health department. He manages research projects and leads business development in the intersecting areas of violence, health and criminal justice for NORC.
Dr. Taylor has over 20 years of experience in applied research, field experiments, statistical analysis, measurement, survey design, and program evaluation. He has conducted studies on violence prevention, violent offenders, victimization, policing, and illicit drug markets. Most recently his work has focused on identifying demographic and contextual explanations for a variety of forms of violent and related risky behaviors. He has conducted research funded by a number of federal sources, such as the Bureau of Justice Assistance, the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Office of Community Oriented Policing Services, the U.S. Department of Education's Institute of Education Sciences, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the National Institute on Drug Abuse, the National Institute of Justice, the National Institute of Mental Health, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. His research has also been supported by a number of state and municipal sources, along with several foundations and other private sources (e.g., Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute). Taylor has published his work widely in leading peer-reviewed academic journals such as Addiction Biology, Criminology, Criminology and Public Policy, Drug and Alcohol Dependence, Journal of Adolescent Health, Journal of Experimental Criminology and Journal of Personality and Social Psychology and Prevention Science.
His early work in violence research explored the psychological recovery process of sexual assault victims and explored the correlates of post-crime distress and social networks. In the mid to late 1990s, Dr. Taylor implemented a 5-year program of experimental longitudinal studies in New York City on the effects of a variety of interventions on the problem of intimate partner violence (IPV). This work was followed by randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the effectiveness of batterer treatment programs for men in community and jail-based settings. Since 2005, with funding from three US Department of Justice (USDOJ) grants and two contracts from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), he has been conducting a series of field experiments on the effectiveness of primary prevention programs on IPV and sexual violence. He is also a Co-Principal Investigator of the first comprehensive nationally representative survey of teen dating violence in the US and the first national survey on victim service providers. In 2012, the Academy of Experimental Criminology (AEC) recognized his RCT work and elected him as an AEC Fellow. He also serves on the USDOJ Violent Crime Victimization Expert Panel.
Prior to joining NORC in 2010, Taylor was the research director for the Police Executive Research Forum (PERF), based in Washington, D.C., from 2005-2010, where he managed a group of about 10 researchers, led strategic and business development for PERF, and developed and managed an annual department budget. From 2002-2005, he was a senior research associate/managing associate at Caliber/ICF International, where he led projects on juvenile justice, children exposed to violence, youth violence prevention, and community policing. From 1998- 2002, he was a researcher and deputy director of the Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring Program, a program within the U.S. Department of Justice's National Institute of Justice that involved surveys and specimen collection on drugs and crime issues from detained arrestees in more than three dozen cities across the U.S. Prior to his work at DOJ, he was a senior research associate at the Victim Services Agency in New York City, where he conducted basic and applied/evaluation research on crime victim issues.
Stigma and attitudes about addiction contribute to the availability and accessibility of treatment for individuals with substance use disorders. A 2020 study from Dr. Taylor, NORC at the University of Chicago, and Indiana University sought to understand attitudes about opioid use disorder among a representative sample of young adults aged 19-29 across the United States. Here is a link to a video summary of those results: https://www.jcoinctc.org/jcoin-research-update-opioid-use-disorder-stigma-discrimination-and-policy-attitudes.