Second Chance Act (SCA) Follow-up Study: A Longitudinal Study of the 2009 Second Chance Act Adult Demonstration Program Participants

Long-term outcomes of programs that assist justice involved individuals returning to their communities are important in our understanding of what works in reducing recidivism. To further examine this issue, NORC and our subcontractor, Social Policy Research Associates (SPR), received funding from the National Institute of Justice to conduct a long-term follow up study with persons who participated in the Evaluation of the 2009 Second Chance Act (SCA) Adult Demonstration Projects. The study will explore the effects of the SCA program on participants’ long-term outcomes with a focus on criminal recidivism, employment and earnings, and other indications of well-being (e.g., housing, family formation, substance abuse, and overall health status).

For this project, NORC and SPR will re-interview evaluation participants, who were randomly assigned to either participate in an SCA program (treatment) or receive business-as-usual services (control). As several years have passed since the previous data collection round, NORC will engage in an intensive locating effort prior to the start of data collection. To begin the data collection phase, NORC will send a letter to study participants reminding them of their participation in the evaluation and providing information on the current data collection activities. NORC field interviewers will complete outreach activities with evaluation participants to encourage their participation in a follow-up interview. It is expected that most interviews will occur by telephone.

In addition to the interviews with evaluation participants, NORC and SPR will collect administrative data from public data agencies. Employment and criminal history will be requested. The administrative data will be linked to the survey data for analysis.

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