Criminal Justice and Violence

deepest and most varied portions of NORC’s project portfolio. To conduct that work, NORC has assembled a group of talented researchers whose areas of expertise include law enforcement, crime prevention, indigent defense, human trafficking, courts and sentencing, and teen dating violence. Our researchers have surveyed law  enforcement agencies and prosecutors about their policies and practices, assessed the impact of programs to re‑integrate ex‑offenders into society, and examined the dynamics of methamphetamine markets, among many other initiatives. As part of our work with the Bureau of Justice Statistics, NORC developed a software package that converts state criminal history records into nationally standardized codes that clarify the extent to which former prisoners return to criminal activity.

The General Social Survey provides a wealth of data on American attitudes toward the law and law enforcement, and NORC has created a public‑use database from the 1997 cohort of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth data to establish a research agenda to understand the social, economic, and educational factors that influence recidivism rates.

Representative Projects

2010 National Survey of Prosecutors. Since 1990, the U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) has periodically sponsored the National Survey of Prosecutors (NSP) to collect data on the resources, policies, and practices of local chief prosecutors in state court systems. The information collected covers staffing and operations, innovative prosecution techniques, felony and misdemeanor caseloads, prosecution of computer-related crimes, juvenile offenses, and use of DNA evidence.​​ More

2012 National Survey of Indigent Defense Systems (NSIDS). Sponsored by the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS), the 2012 National Survey of Indigent Defense Systems (NSIDS) will gather data about the manner by which defense services are provided to indigent people accused of crime for which they may be jailed or imprisoned under states' laws in each county and state throughout the United States.  More

Conversion of Criminal History Records into Research Databases (CCHRRD). For years, BJS has used information stored in the nation’s automated criminal history records to assess the officially-recognized, law-violating behavior of various samples of individuals.  To do recidivism studies, BJS has provided state criminal history repositories with identifying information on study subjects and has requested each participating state repository to extract selected information on each subject’s criminal justice activities, thus creating a reporting burden for participating repositories. In addition, the structure and content of the data extracted from these repositories varies from state to state requiring customized software to transform each state’s data into a commonly-formatted, researchable database.  In light of these challenges, only two national recidivism studies of released prisoners have been performed by BJS to date; the first in 1983 and the latest in 1994.  More

Dynamics of Methamphetamine Markets. The focus of the study is on understanding the organization, operation, and impact of different forms and combinations of meth markets in different communities.  More

Evaluation of the Second Chance Act Adult Demonstration Projects. Funded by the National Institute of Justice, this project is designed to evaluate the Second Chance programs which were designed to facilitate the successful re-entry of prisoners to their communities and include strategies to reduce recidivism and subsequent criminal behavior, enhance employment and earnings, facilitate retraining, stabilize housing, and reduce substance abuse.​​​​ More

Methodological Research to Support the Redesign of the National Crime Victimization Survey: An Examination of a Twelve-Month Reference Period. For this project, NORC will address methods of improving event recall with the 6-month reference period for the telephone interview modes, and assesses respondent burden.  More

National Former Prisoner Survey. The National Former Prisoner Survey (FPS) is one of a series of major studies undertaken by the Bureau of Justice Statistics, U.S. Department of Justice, in response to congressional mandates in the Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003. The National Former Prisoner Survey was conducted by NORC in 2008 and was designed to provide national estimates of sexual violence within prisons.​ More

Recidivism in the NLSY97. NORC will create a public-use database from the 1997 cohort of the NLSY data to establish a research agenda to understand the social, economic, and educational factors that influence recidivism rates and successful reentry into society. More

Survey of State and Local Justice Agencies Serving Tribal Lands (SLJASTL). ​Very little is known about the work that state and local justice agencies perform on tribal lands. The Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) has funded a new program to collect information to fill this knowledge gap. This program, called the State and Local Justice Agencies Serving Tribal Lands (SLJASTL), will collect data from all state and local law enforcement agencies that provide services on tribal lands and from all state prosecutor offices that have jurisdiction to prosecute cases when the crime occurred on tribal lands. More

The Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS Office): Developing a Brief Community Policing Self-Assessment Tool. This project will produce a brief self-assessment community policing instrument for police departments to evaluate their implementation of community policing.  This tool will facilitate internal planning, and inform training and management initiatives toward the full adoption of community policing. More

See all Criminal Justice and Violence projects

Headlines

News CRIMINAL (IN)JUSTICE at NPR: Senior Fellow John K. Roman discusses stand your ground laws More
Posted: 11.22.2016 8:48AM
Press Release John Roman named Senior Fellow at NORC at the University of Chicago More
Posted: 10.14.2016 10:57AM