Criminal Justice and Violence

Explorations of the causes of, responses to, and attitudes about crime and violence make up one of the deepest and most varied portions of NORC’s project portfolio. To conduct that work, NORC has assembled a group of talented researchers whose areas of expertise include law enforcement, crime prevention, indigent defense, human trafficking, courts and sentencing, and teen dating violence. Our researchers have surveyed law  enforcement agencies and prosecutors about their policies and practices, assessed the impact of programs to re‑integrate ex‑offenders into society, and examined the dynamics of methamphetamine markets, among many other initiatives. As part of our work with the Bureau of Justice Statistics, NORC developed a software package that converts state criminal history records into nationally standardized codes that clarify the extent to which former prisoners return to criminal activity.

The General Social Survey provides a wealth of data on American attitudes toward the law and law enforcement, and NORC has created a public‑use database from the 1997 cohort of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth data to establish a research agenda to understand the social, economic, and educational factors that influence recidivism rates.

Representative Projects

2010 National Survey of Prosecutors. Since 1990, the U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) has periodically sponsored the National Survey of Prosecutors (NSP) to collect data on the resources, policies, and practices of local chief prosecutors in state court systems. The information collected covers staffing and operations, innovative prosecution techniques, felony and misdemeanor caseloads, prosecution of computer-related crimes, juvenile offenses, and use of DNA evidence.​​ More

2012 Census of State and Local Law Enforcement Agencies (CSLLEA). To provide an accurate sampling frame for the Law Enforcement Management and Administrative Statistics (LEMAS) program, the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) periodically sponsors the Census of State and Local Law Enforcement Agencies (CSLLEA).  More

Dynamics of Methamphetamine Markets. The focus of the study is on understanding the organization, operation, and impact of different forms and combinations of meth markets in different communities.  More

Evaluation of the Second Chance Act Adult Demonstration Projects. Funded by the National Institute of Justice, this project is designed to evaluate the Second Chance programs which were designed to facilitate the successful re-entry of prisoners to their communities and include strategies to reduce recidivism and subsequent criminal behavior, enhance employment and earnings, facilitate retraining, stabilize housing, and reduce substance abuse.​​​​ More

Law Enforcement Officers' Safety, Health, and Welfare. With support from the NORC Center for Excellence in Survey Research and the partnership of the Police Executive Research Forum (PERF), NORC researchers developed a study of law enforcement officer safety and welfare (OSAW) to investigate risks and stressors, protective factors, behavioral health, and safety and health outcomes. Initial qualitative research with a focus group of representatives of law enforcement agencies (LEAs) from the mid-Atlantic region informed the design of the survey instrument, and a random sample of officers from 11 LEAs responded to the online survey. ​ More

Methodological Research to Support the Redesign of the National Crime Victimization Survey: An Examination of a Twelve-Month Reference Period. For this project, NORC will address methods of improving event recall with the 6-month reference period for the telephone interview modes, and assesses respondent burden.  More

National Former Prisoner Survey. The National Former Prisoner Survey (FPS) is one of a series of major studies undertaken by the Bureau of Justice Statistics, U.S. Department of Justice, in response to congressional mandates in the Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003. The National Former Prisoner Survey was conducted by NORC in 2008 and was designed to provide national estimates of sexual violence within prisons.​ More

Recidivism in the NLSY97. NORC will create a public-use database from the 1997 cohort of the NLSY data to establish a research agenda to understand the social, economic, and educational factors that influence recidivism rates and successful reentry into society. More

The Interpersonal Conflict and Resolution (iCOR) Study. ​​NORC has been awarded a grant from the National Institute of Justice to conduct a study that examines conflict in interpersonal relationships and the overlap between victim and offender statuses. Nearly five decades of research has revealed a strong association between criminal offending and victimization. This 31-month project will investigate the etiology of the victim-offender overlap through the design and application of new measurement tools to understand the nature of interpersonal conflicts including mechanisms that generate conflict escalation.
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The Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS Office): Developing a Brief Community Policing Self-Assessment Tool. This project will produce a brief self-assessment community policing instrument for police departments to evaluate their implementation of community policing.  This tool will facilitate internal planning, and inform training and management initiatives toward the full adoption of community policing. More

See all Criminal Justice and Violence projects

Headlines

News CRIMINAL (IN)JUSTICE at NPR: Senior Fellow John K. Roman discusses stand your ground laws More
Posted: 11.22.2016 8:48AM
Press Release John Roman named Senior Fellow at NORC at the University of Chicago More
Posted: 10.14.2016 10:57AM