Analyzing the Relationship Among Early Childhood Conditions, Reproduction of Socioeconomic Inequalities and Adult Health Disparities.
This project analyzes the relationship between early health conditions, adult socioeconomic attainment, and adult health. The first goal of this study is to document the impact of early health conditions on adult socioeconomic and adult health outcomes. More
Descriptive Study of the Coordination of Tribal TANF and Child Welfare Services.
In 2011, the Office of Family Assistance (OFA), Administration for Children and Families (ACF) awarded grants to 14 tribes and tribal organizations to coordinate tribal TANF and child welfare services to address family risk factors for child abuse and neglect. The grantees agreed to participate in a study as a condition of the grant award. The Study of Coordination of Tribal TANF and Child Welfare Services is sponsored by ACF's Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation. James Bell Associates is the lead entity on the project; NORC at the University of Chicago and the Center for American Indian and Alaska Native Health at the University of Colorado at Denver are project partners. The goal of this three year study is to document the ways in which the tribal grantees are creating and adapting culturally relevant and appropriate approaches, systems, and programs to increase coordination and enhance service delivery to address child abuse and neglect. More
National Children's Study (NCS) Vanguard Study.
In response to the Children’s Health Act of 2000, the
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human
Development (NICHD) commissioned the National Children’s Study (NCS)
Vanguard Study to prepare for a large-scale, national study of the
effects of the environment on the growth, development, and health of
children across the United States. More
National Immunization Survey.
The NIS, administered by NORC since 2005, monitors childhood immunization coverage for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). This household survey screens more than 6 million sampled telephone lines yearly. The NIS Provider Survey requests permission to contact eligible children’s medical providers, and sends these providers an Immunization History Questionnaire. Household and provider data are combined to produce timely estimates of children’s vaccination coverage rate for national, state and local areas. A companion survey, the NIS-Teen, monitors vaccination coverage among teenagers aged 13-17 years. More
Social Ecology of Maternal Substance Use.
Pregnancy is a key opportunity to affect the epidemiology and to enhance reduction of women’s tobacco and problem alcohol use. The opportunities to provide pregnant women with tobacco and alcohol cessation resources appear to be strongest when integrated into community-based health services, with attention to generating support in mothers’ networks of family and friends. With support from the National Institute on Drug Abuse, this secondary data analysis project investigates the role of neighborhood structural aspects and social processes in association with maternal alcohol and tobacco use in the perinatal and early childhood parenting periods. More