A Meeting in Hyde Park Rooftop view from NORC's Washington DC office
Judges gavel Walking in Hyde Park Hallway Meeting in an office at NORC
Handcuffs behind Back Broken door

Criminal Justice

A fair and effective justice system is part of the foundation of a successful society, affecting every American citizen, every day. Concerns about the enormous costs of the system exist alongside deep uncertainty about the efficacy of law enforcement and correctional strategies, and whether and how reform efforts can impact rehabilitation and improve public safety.

NORC’s 1966 landmark study, Criminal Victimization in the United States, was the predecessor to the annual National Crime Victimization Survey now conducted by the U.S. Census. Since then, NORC has consistently taken a comprehensive look at the justice system, examining the perspectives of its primary participants: institutions that oversee the administration of justice; crime victims and their experiences; those who commit crime; and the public that develops perceptions about crime and punishment.

In many cases, NORC’s work has explored instances where victimization occurs outside the criminal justice system. For example, studies on sexual behavior and human trafficking uncovered new types of victimization not often reported to police or addressed within the system. NORC launched a rigorous longitudinal study of middle school dating violence curriculum—a prevention-oriented extension of our expertise on victims. NORC has also surveyed prosecutors’ offices, prison re-entry programs, and a host of substance abuse and mental health issues with implications for the criminal justice system. The 2011 study, Dynamics of Methamphetamine Markets, exemplifies an interdisciplinary approach to problems where substance abuse and criminal activity are closely intertwined.  This innovative study was one of the first to consider all local stakeholders—dealers and users, as well as police and community leaders. It meshed interactive Internet-based tools with Drug Enforcement Agency file data to create a detailed, street-level understanding of the epidemic.

These innovations, our expertise with data collection in law enforcement agencies, and a sensitivity to incarcerated or victimized subjects enhances NORC’s core capabilities to develop new knowledge about the functions of the criminal justice system.
 
Specific areas of expertise include:
 

Representative Projects

Evaluating the Impact of the NIJ Body Armor Program: A Time Series Analysis. Funded by the Department of Justice (DOJ), Office of  Justice Programs (OJP), National Institute of Justice (NIJ), the purpose of this evaluation is to assess the impact of the NIJ Body Armor program in changing law enforcement policy and practice and the body armor industry in the design, quality, and consistency of armor produced for law enforcement.   More

Evaluation of the Second Chance Act Adult Demonstration Projects.

Funded by the National Institute of Justice, this project is designed to evaluate the Second Chance programs which were designed to facilitate the successful re-entry of prisoners to their communities and include strategies to reduce recidivism and subsequent criminal behavior, enhance employment and earnings, facilitate retraining, stabilize housing, and reduce the instance of substance abuse. More

National Former Prisoner Survey.

The National Former Prisoner Survey (FPS) is one of a series of major studies undertaken by the Bureau of Justice Statistics, U.S. Department of Justice, in response to congressional mandates in the Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003. The National Former Prisoner Survey was conducted by NORC in 2008 and was designed to provide national estimates of sexual violence within prisons. More

National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979. The National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY), sponsored and funded by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) of the U.S. Department of Labor, is the youth-focused component of the National Longitudinal Survey (NLS) Program – a set of surveys used to gather information on the labor market experiences of American men and women.  The National Longitudinal Surveys are conducted jointly by the Ohio State University Center for Human Resource Research (CHRR) and NORC at the University of Chicago.  More

Reintegration of Ex-Offenders Random Assignment Evaluation. The Reintegration of Ex-Offenders Random Assignment Evaluation Study (RExO), funded by Department of Labor, is designed to provide a rigorous, random assignment evaluation of a demonstration program serving formerly incarcerated individuals through employment-centered programs. The evaluation will examine impacts on participants’ post-program labor market outcomes and criminal recidivism by comparing the outcomes of participants to randomly-assigned individuals who are eligible for, but do not receive, services. More

See all Criminal Justice projects

Headlines

News The Wall Street Journal: Judicial sentencing in political years, with observations made possible by the GSS More
Posted: 8.17.2012 4:24PM
News The Wall Street Journal: NLSY97 cited in determining the links between obesity and behavior More
Posted: 2.22.2012 4:42PM
Event Teen Dating Violence Intervention & Prevention, , Wednesday, February 29, 2012 More
Posted: 2.13.2012 1:38PM
News Reuters: "Fuzzy numbers on guns" with data and research from NORC More
Posted: 2.7.2012 2:46PM
News The Seattle Times: "Study: Nearly one in three arrested by age 26" featuring data from NLSY97 More
Posted: 1.17.2012 4:22PM

Contacts

Eric Goplerud

(301) 634-9525

Jeffrey Hackett

(312) 759-4266