High School and Beyond Follow-up Surveys

NORC partnered with the University of Texas at Austin to continue the High School and Beyond (HS&B) Study. In 2013 and 2014, with grant funding from the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation and the Institute for Education Statistics, NORC conducted a follow-up study with the 1980 sophomore cohort (N=14,825) of the HS&B sample. In 2015, with grant funding from the National Science Foundation, a follow-up study was conducted with the 1980 senior cohort (N=11,995). We re-contacted this nationally representative sample, last surveyed in 1992 (sophomores) or 1986 (seniors), at an important time in their lives when most sample members were between the ages of 48 and 54.

These recent HS&B follow-up surveys collected current information on sample members' labor force experience, health status, family roles, and expectations for continued work and retirement showing how this representative population has changed from adolescence through midlife. Additionally, the current data are being supplemented with data from administrative records. These new data will make the existing HS&B data more relevant and useful for the research community by joining the already robust data series from the 1980 base year survey and four follow-ups that took place between 1982 and 1992. This valuable resource will be used to study a number of issues related to the consequences for midlife health and labor force participation of adolescent and early adult circumstances and characteristics.

Selected bibliography of contemporary research generated from HS&B data collected from 1980-1992:

  • Carroll, Jamie M., Chandra Muller, Eric Grodsky, and John Robert Warren. 2017 "Tracking Health Inequalities from High School to Midlife." Social Forces, 96(2):591-628. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/sf/sox065
  • Grigorian, K., T. Hoffer, and J. Connelly, 2017. Results from Different Adaptive Design Methods to Locate and Survey a Longitudinal Sample. Presentation at the Federal Computer Assisted Survey Information Collection meeting, Suitland, MD, April 2017.
  • Warren, John Robert, Carolina Milesi, Karen Grigorian, Melissa Humphries, Chandra Muller, and Eric Grodsky. 2016. “Do Inferences about Mortality Rates and Disparities Vary by Source of Mortality Information? Annals of Epidemiology, Volume 27, Issue 2, 121-127.
  • Bound, John; Brad Hershbein and Bridget Terry Long. 2009. "Playing the Admissions Game: Student Reactions to Increasing College Competition," NBER Working Paper No. 15272. Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Statistics,
  • Deluca, Stefanie, and James E. Rosenbaum. 2001. "Individual Agency and the Life Course: Do Low-SES Students Get Less Long-term Payoff for Their School Efforts?" Sociological Focus 34(4):357-76.
  • Eide, Eric R., Mark H. Showalter, and David P. Sims. 2002. "The Effects of Secondary School Quality on the Distribution of Earnings." Contemporary Economic Policy 20(2):160-70.
  • Heckman, James J and Paul A. LaFontaine. 2007. "The American High School Graduation Rate: Trends and Levels," NBER Working Paper No. 13670. Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research,
  • Heckman, James J. and Paul A. LaFontaine. 2010. "The American High School Graduate Rate: Trends and Levels." The Review of Economics and Statistics, 92(2), 244-62.
  • Lucas, Samuel R. 2001. "Effectively Maintained Inequality: Education Transitions, Track Mobility, and Social Background Effects." American Journal of Sociology, 106(6), 1642-90.
  • Lucas, Samuel R. Good Aaron D. 2001. "Race, Class, and Tournament Track Mobility." Sociology of Education 74(2):139-56.
  • Mahaffy, Kimberly A. 2004. "Girls' Low Self-Esteem: How Is It Related to Later Socioeconomic Achievements?" Gender and Society 18(3):309-27.
  • Marsh, Herbert W., and Sabina Kleitman. 2005. "Consequences of Employment during High School: Character Building, Subversion of Academic Goals, or a Threshold?" American Educational Research Journal 42(2):331-69.
  • Murnane, Richard J., John B. Willett, and John H. Tyler. 2000. "Who Benefits from Obtaining a GED? Evidence from High School and Beyond." Review of Economics and Statistics 82:23-37.
  • Riegle-Crumb, Catherine, Barbara King, Eric Grodsky, and Chandra Muller. 2012. "The More Things Change, the More They Stay the Same? Prior Achievement Fails to Explain Gender Inequality in Entry into STEM College Majors Over Time." American Educational Research Journal 49(6):1048-73.
  • Rosenbaum, James. 2001. Chapter 8 “Are Noncognitive Behaviors in School Related to Later Life Outcomes?” Beyond College for All: Career Paths for the Forgotten Half. New York, NY: Russell Sage.

Infographics and Visualizations



View All