Community Infused Problem-Oriented Policing (CPOP)

Funded by the National Institute of Justice (NIJ), the purpose of this study is to test whether place-based policing strategies can be implemented to not only reduce crime but to achieve a broader set of community and police agency benefits. NORC will examine the effect of a place-based policing strategy that emphasizes problem-oriented policing (POP) and elements of community oriented policing (COP) in a total of 100 selected areas across Newport News, VA, and Hampton, VA.

NORC will assign half of the areas to either receive CPOP or regular patrol services. Our study will be the most comprehensive study of POP/COP policing strategies with the use of multidimensional data from a range of sources (e.g., official police data and community survey) to evaluate a range of outcomes on communities and law enforcement agencies (LEAs) beyond just crime reduction. Our intervention goes beyond traditional POP (and the study conducted by our research team in Jacksonville, FL) by applying key components of COP and new advances in POP to lead to improved outcomes. Further, to strengthen police-community relations and collective efficacy, we want to expand the role of community members to inform the design of strategies to identify/address local crime problems. The study will address four main questions:

  1. What is the impact of CPOP-HS on crime rates?
  2. What is the impact of CPOP-HS on community member’s perception of safety (self-reported victimization and fear of crime), perceptions of police and relations with the community, police legitimacy, and community collective efficacy (residents’ willingness to help neighbors and help with public order) in targeted areas?
  3. What is the impact of CPOP-HS on police officers’ perception of police-community relations and police role in the community, job satisfaction and stress level as well as on policies and practices?
  4. What are the costs and benefits associated with CPOP relative to the control condition?