Biodemography of Exceptional Longevity in the United States.
This project proposes to investigate why some people manage to survive to extreme old age (100+ years) and what are the biological and social correlates of exceptional longevity. These are important issues not only for demographic forecasts of human mortality and population aging, and the policy implications on health-care and pension expenditures, but also for improving our understanding of the fundamental mechanisms of human aging and longevity. The project proposes to explore the effects of early-life living conditions, adult physical characteristics, marriage, and reproductive history on exceptional longevity, and will test a number of related biomedical and social hypotheses. The project is designed as an interdisciplinary study of exceptional human longevity. To contribute to the research infrastructure for subsequent longevity studies world-wide, a database with integrated, matched information on longevity predictor variables will be developed, and made available to the research community on the Internet. More
HighScope Perry Preschool Study.
Sponsored by the National Institute on Aging (NIA) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the HighScope Perry Preschool Study (HPPS) is designed to teach us about the lasting effects of early childhood interventions, such as preschool programs. The original Perry Preschool Program targeted a disadvantaged African American population in the 1960s. Evaluated initially by a clinical trial of preschool age children, participants were then followed periodically through age 40. Results from this longitudinal survey show strong evidence for the benefits of children in the treatment group in the areas of improved school readiness, higher female graduation rates, higher employment rates and earnings, reduced involvement in crime, and high economic return on investment. More
Integrated Research in Health and Aging: Early Results from the National Social Life Health and Aging Project (NSHAP) Wave 2.
NORC's Center on the Demography and Economics of Aging was awarded a grant from National Institute of Health's (NIH) National Institute on Aging (NIA) to host a two day conference that will emphasize formal and informal discussion on innovative uses of the National Social Life Health and Aging Project (NSHAP) Wave 2 data. More
National Children's Study (NCS) Vanguard Study.
In response to the Children’s Health Act of 2000, the
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human
Development (NICHD) commissioned the National Children’s Study (NCS)
Vanguard Study to prepare for a large-scale, national study of the
effects of the environment on the growth, development, and health of
children across the United States. More
National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project (NSHAP).
The National Social Life, Health and Aging Project (NSHAP) is a population-based study of health and social factors on a national scale, aiming to understand the well-being of older, community-dwelling Americans. More