Injury and Violence Prevention Links to Clinical Care and Public Health Connectivity

The CDC National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (Injury Center) contracted with NORC at the University of Chicago to explore best practices for injury and violence prevention and meet with hospitals and health systems in order to provide them with strategies and options on how to include injury and violence prevention into their mandated community health needs assessments (CHNAs), implementation strategies, and other community activities.

The project culminated with the development of the infographic below. It is designed to promote hospital action on injury and violence prevention through the CHNA process.

Violence Prevention InfographicClick the image to view a PDF of the Infographic

NORC also completed the following research and engagement activities for the Injury Center concerning the CNHA process:

  • Held Informational meetings were held with national stakeholders, the Association for Community Health Improvement (ACHI), the Catholic Health Association (CHA), and the Children's Hospital Association (CHAN);
  • Reviewed CHNAs of hospitals and health systems engaged in injury and violence prevention;
  • Conducted key informant interviews with hospital and health system leadership on best practices in CHNAs and injury and violence prevention in their communities;
  • Convened a “community of practice” at the ACHI Annual Meeting with over 20 organizations to make recommendations to the Injury Center; Prepared an issue brief to summarize successes and challenges in using CHNAs to address injury and violence prevention.

After gathering information from hospitals and health systems through the interviews and Community of Practice convening, NORC recognized that hospitals needed to be encouraged to use texisting resources to focus the CHNA process and inform themselves about injury and violence prevention. Therefore, the above infographic was created that makes the case for hospital action on injury and violence prevention and relates it to the CHNA process.

NORC and its client, the Injury Center, identified important evidence that hospitals are expanding their engagement in injury and violence prevention and it is emerging as a priority too. New linkages between hospital and health system community benefit departments and their trauma centers are also developing. In order to increase hospital and health system impact, additional work needs to be done to further collaboration with public health on measuring success and return on investments and ensuring funding at the organizational and community level.